GENETICALLY ENGINEERED CROPS

Since the agricultural biotechnology industry in the United States held its first field trials, federal and state governments and private corporations have spent billions of dollars on research, commercial development and regulation. So far, more than 40 genetically modified crops are currently allowed commerce in the United States. These modified crops have two traits — herbicide tolerance (HT) and insect resistance (Bt) — that have been engineered into four commodity crops (corn, cotton, soybeans and canola) that lead the marketplace. Companies that market and produce these crops include Bayer, Monsanto, Dupont/Pioneer, Syngenta and Dow/Mycogen.

GENETICALLY ENGINEERED CROPS ALLOWED IN THE U.S. FOOD SUPPLY
Product Institution Engineered Traits Sources of New Genes Name
Canola Bayer Resist glufosinate herbicide to control weeds Bacteria, virus LibertyLink, 2000
Corn Dow/Mycogen DuPont/Pioneer Resist glufosinate herbicide to control weeds/Bt toxin to control insect pests Corn, bacteria, virus Herculex 1, 2001
Corn Syngenta Bt toxin to control insect pests Bacteria Bt11, 1996
Cotton Monsanto/Bayer Resist bromoxynil herbicide to control weeds Bacteria, virus BXN Cotton, 1995
Soybean Monsanto Resist glyphosate herbicide to control weeds Petunia, soybean, bacteria, virus Roundup Ready, 1995
Source: Union of Concerned Scientists.

Want to use this article? Click here for options!
© 2014 Penton Media Inc.

Interactive Products

Equipment Blue Book

Used Equipment Valuation Guide

Riding mowers, lawn tractors, snow throwers, golf carts

Careers

Grounds Maintenance Jobs

search our jobs database, upload your resume