How to: Install drainage

Related Topics: surface drainage, drainage basins, seepage drainage

A variety of drainage products and techniques are available to grounds managers and superintendents. This article is a guide to the basics of drainage installation. It will help you complete your drainage project efficiently and professionally and will aid you when installing any kind of drainage system.

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Poor drainage causes obvious problems: standing water, foul odor, insects, diseased or dying plants, mud and ruined turf. Planning and installing suitable drainage will solve these problems and prevent the site from turning into a maintenance nightmare during storms and rainy seasons.

Planning Your Drainage System

The first step you should take when planning a drainage system is to identify low spots in the landscape. If obvious low spots exist on the property, the water must have a way to exit those areas. If you don't install drainage, a puddle probably will develop whenever it rains. I'll discuss three basic categories of drainage for solving such problems: surface drainage, drainage basins with grates and piping, and seepage drainage using perforated pipe and gravel.

Other Drainage Resources

  • Drainage solutions for turf, tree and landscape plantings: Although excessive drainage can be a problem on some coarser textured sandy soils and slopes, poor drainage is a much more common landscape problem and is considered by many to be one of the biggest killers of landscape plants.
  • Drainage for high traffic turf:  Managing high-traffic turf while keeping in mind the implications of irrigation and drainage issues are key to successful overall turf management.
  • How to install a french drain: French drains are quite simple: in essence they are just trenches filled with gravel, with sand on top of that. Often, you'll see French drains defined to include a drain pipe as well, though the traditional design is simply the gravel-filled trench.

From the Web: Drainage Installation

  • Call before you dig number: By dialing the "Call Before You Dig" number, you might avoid severing an underground utility cable while digging.
  • Drainage pipe installation tipsDrainage pipe installation is simple. Downspout drainage pipes do not have to be buried deeply. The drain pipes should also be installed in undisturbed soil about 6 feet away from the foundation.

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